A Polymer Process Engineering & Training Company Home of the CRD Mixing Screws
During the compounding or mixing of polymers existing
mixers rely heavily on shear-type flows. It is well known that these type
of flows are prohibitive in their ability to create dispersive mixing, especially
at large viscosity ratios. Further, at large shear rates material temperature
and degradation issues arise. The Elongational Pin Mixer (EPM) – patent pending
– has been designed to overcome these problems by creating strong elongational
These flows are able to disperse at very large viscosity ratios and are more efficient than shear flows – giving reduced viscous dissipation and melt temperatures.
To obtain a fine level of dispersion, it is generally necessary for the agglomerates or droplets to be broken down several times, which means that the material must pass through a high stress region (HSR) multiple times. The EPM was designed to assure that all material experiences a similar level of mixing and can guarantee multiple passes through the HSR by incorporating multiple rings in series.
The elongational pin mixing ring shown here is easily added to the mixing section of the extruder or injection molding screw to give enhanced dispersive and distributive mixing.
The EPM has also been designed to create an optimal level of distributive mixing by severely modifying the streamlines as they pass through the mixer. In a relatively shot distance the EPM increases the spatial distance of the material. The figure below demonstrates this phenomena using results from the boundary element simulation program BEMflow. Here, an “agglomerate” made up of many particles “breaks-up” very quickly with the distance between particles increasing rapidly.
Advantages of the EPM Mixer
These figures show particle tracking predicted with BEMflow. Here, the large distributive mixing effect can be seen by the fanning out of the particles. The close-up view shows the twisting cross-flow and the elongational effect due to the acceleration of the particles as they move through the wedges.
The elongatonal pin mixing ring (EPM) can be used as a stand alone mixing device or with existing mixing sections. This figure shows the EPM with the CRD mixing section to provide an even higher level of dispersive and distributive mixing. This combination has been used on single and twin screw extruders of various sizes from 2" to 12" diameter.